Ayurveda classifies diabetes as one of the Prameha diseases. Prameha means excessive secretion of diseased urine.
Prameha is classified in two types according to etiological classification:
Hetu (Causative factors):
Enjoying sedentary habits, excessive sleep, excessive use of milk & its preparations, preparations of, freshly harvested cereals, alcoholic drinks, and meat juices of domestic & aquatic animals and animals inhabiting marshy lands, all Kapha aggravating factors are responsible for causing Prameha.
Above-mentioned causative factors aggravate kapha which further vitiates meda (fat), mamsa (muscle tissue) and kleda (liquid dhatus). Vitiated liquid dhatus transform into urine while kapha obstructs urinary channels.
Excessive intake of astringent, cold and pungent things, keeping awake at night, stress, anxiety, suppression of urges for urine and stool, excessive administration of emesis are also aggravating factors.
Aggravated vata draws vasa (muscle fat), lasika (lymph) and ojas to channels carrying urine. Excretion of ojas through urinary bladder is mentioned as Mdhumeha (Diabetes mellitus) in Ayurveda.
Poorva Rupa (Premonitory symptoms):
Sweet taste in mouth, excessive sleep & continuous drowsiness, dryness in mouth, numbness & burning sensation in hands & feet, attraction of insects & ants by urine, thirst and laziness.
For control and treatments of diabetes following are suggested:
Life Style Changes: