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By Maharishi Ayurveda Hospital

Ayurveda classifies diabetes as one of the Prameha diseases. Prameha means excessive secretion of diseased urine.

Prameha is classified in two types according to etiological classification:

  • Sahaja prameha/ beeja dosha – It includes patients with prameha since birth or born to the parents suffering with this disease.
  • Apathya nimitaja prameha / doshaj – This type of prameha is manifested in patients with bad eating habits and life styles leading to aggravation of doshas.

Hetu (Causative factors):

Enjoying sedentary habits, excessive sleep, excessive use of milk & its preparations, preparations of, freshly harvested cereals, alcoholic drinks, and meat juices of domestic & aquatic animals and animals inhabiting marshy lands, all Kapha aggravating factors are responsible for causing Prameha.

Samprapti (Pathogenesis):

Above-mentioned causative factors aggravate kapha which further vitiates meda (fat), mamsa (muscle tissue) and kleda (liquid dhatus). Vitiated liquid dhatus transform into urine while kapha obstructs urinary channels.

Excessive intake of astringent, cold and pungent things, keeping awake at night, stress, anxiety, suppression of urges for urine and stool, excessive administration of emesis are also aggravating factors.

Aggravated vata draws vasa (muscle fat), lasika (lymph) and ojas to channels carrying urine. Excretion of ojas through urinary bladder is mentioned as Mdhumeha (Diabetes mellitus) in Ayurveda.

Poorva Rupa (Premonitory symptoms):

Sweet taste in mouth, excessive sleep & continuous drowsiness, dryness in mouth, numbness & burning sensation in hands & feet, attraction of insects & ants by urine, thirst and laziness.

For control and treatments of diabetes following are suggested:

Aahar( Diet):

  • Avoid foods aggravating doshas.
  • Kapha pacifying diet is recommended, like preparations of barley, millets, honey and low fat milk.
  • Avoid heavy, oily and cold foods.

Life Style Changes:

  • Increase in physical activity.
  • Transcendental Meditation is beneficial for stress management.

Chikitsa (Treatments):

  • For weak emaciated patients nourishing therapy is suggested.
  • For obese and strong patients elimination therapy is good ; vamana (emesis) for kaphaja prameha & virechana ( purgation) for pittaja prameha.
    This should be followed by santarpana or refreshing therapy to avoid aggravation of vata dosha.
  • Glucomap, a product of Maharishi Ayurveda can be given to diabetic patients. It has been clinically proved ( in trials conducted at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi & King George Medical College, Lucknow) to be beneficial in reducing Fasting blood glucose (FBG) & Glycosylated hemoglobin ( Hb A lc) levels.