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JOINT DISORDERS: (Vata vikaar/ Sandhigata vikaar)Herbal Health Center

Joints Pain and pain while moving is among the most common problem for which a patient consults a doctor. Several conditions affect the normal functioning of the joints leading to the manifestations of different diseases. In Ayurveda, the bones and joints are considered a site of vata in the body—meaning that they have a general affinity for vata, and are particularly prone to vata imbalances. This reality is only reinforced by the fact that the joints themselves are made up of a lot of space—which also corresponds with data. But the joint spaces are also connected with several different tissues in the body...
The joints are deeply affected by the quality of the bone tissue (asthidhatu), but in Ayurveda, the joints also share an important connection with the nervous tissue (majjadhatu), and the nervous system as a whole. In addition, healthy joints are lubricated and cushioned by a fatty substance known in Ayurveda as shleshakakapha (a subtype of kapha) which links the joints to the health of medadhatu (the adipose tissue, or fat) as well. What’s more, each of these building blocks relies on the process of tissue nutrition, which brings us to the role of Agni (the metabolic fire) in joint health.
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OSTEOARTHRITIS (Sandhigatavata)

Osteoarthritis comes under SandhigataVata. The condition is similar to Osteoarthritis and has been described as ‘Sandhigatavata’ in Ayurveda, in which the vitiated Vata afflicts the joints and causes destruction of the cartilages and reduction in the Synovial Fluid inside the joint capsule, leading to

swelling which results into painful movement. The vitiated Vatadosha, due to numerous causative factors receives lodged in sandhis or joints main to SandhigataVata.


Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a systemic disease that primarily causes joint inflammation, pain, loss of function and eventual joint destruction and deformity. The disease is of variable severity ranging from mild inflammation in a few joints to symmetric involvement in multiple joints, mainly in the hands and feet. The main pathogenic event in RA or Aamavata is the formation and deposition of Aama (explained later) at all levels of body physiology including gastrointestinal and macro and microchannels of the inner transport system of the body.

GOUT (Vatarakta)

In the Ayurvedic medicine system, gout is called vatarakta. It’s believed that gout occurs when the vatadosha is unbalanced. High levels of uric acid in the body — a condition called hyperuricemia — can result in the development of gout. Gout is a condition that can lead to pain when it flares up and inflammatory arthritis.


Cervical spondylosis is a degenerative health concern characterized by excruciating pain, stiffness, numbness, and restricted movement of the neck. It typically develops due to wear and tear on the spine over time and is more common in old age. Some common symptoms of cervical spondylosis include neck pain, stiffness, and a reduced range of motion in the neck. Other symptoms may include headaches, weakness or numbness in the arms or hands, and a tingling sensation in the fingers. In severe cases, cervical spondylosis can lead to spinal cord compression, which can cause more serious symptoms like difficulty with balance, coordination, and bladder or bowel control. Ageing is one of the biggest reasons for cervical spondylosis. Other factors include excessive strain on the neck during a workout, long work hours, lack of exercise, sleeping in the wrong position (usually on your stomach), and underlying health conditions that inhibit calcium absorption in your body. According to Ayurveda, the symptoms of cervical spondylosis can be chalked up to vitiated Vatadosha.


Lumbar spondylosis is considered Vata Vyadhi in Ayurveda. Lumbar Spondylosis is yet another age-related degenerative condition that affects the lumbar vertebrae or the lower spine. In the case of lumbar spondylosis, the space between the discs in the lumbar spine becomes narrowed, resulting in a variety of health issues ranging from low back pain to neurological conditions. This usually occurs after the age of 40, as the spine undergoes changes with the progression of age, and many of these changes contribute to the degeneration of the vertebrae. Lumbar spondylosis usually occurs at the last two vertebrae of the lumbar spine (L4 and L5) and the first vertebra of the sacral spine (S1). Ayurvedic treatment for lumbar spondylosis involves detoxification and elimination of toxins, Kati Basti, Patra Pinda Sweda. Ayurvedic medicine for balancing VataDosha not only heals the problem but also relieves the pain. Lumbar spondylosis treatment in Ayurveda works on treating the root cause and heals the body within. Ayurvedic medicines and therapies relax the muscles; relieve inflammation of the nerves and surrounding tissue. Ayurvedic treatment for lumbar spondylosis focuses on treating back pain and neck pain that comes with the inflammation.

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