THE AYURVEDIC WAY
Skin disorders (kustha roga)
Skin diseases are conditions that affect your skin. These diseases may cause rashes, inflammation, itchiness, or other skin changes. Some skin conditions may be genetic, while lifestyle factors may cause others. Skin disease treatment may include medications, creams or ointments, or lifestyle changes.
Acne or Pimples are known as Yauvana Pidakas in Ayurveda. Their simple translation reads ‘Yauvana’ means teenage and ‘Pidaka’ means skin eruptions. Yavana pidakas are also called Tarunya pidaka ( skin eruptions seen at a young age), ‘Mukha dooshika’ ( that which disturbs the facial skin). Acne or Pimples are the most common problem faced by most teenagers and some adults too continue to suffer from acne for a longer period.
Alopecia Areata is an autoimmune condition in which your body's immune system attacks its own hair follicles, causing hair loss. The white blood cells in your body that form the immune system, attack the hair follicles, making them abruptly miniaturize. The shrinking of hair follicles prevents nutrition from reaching your hair, thus causing your hair to fall out. According to Ayurvedic texts, an imbalance of Vata Pitta Kapha (tridoshas) and Rakta (blood) leads to Alopecia Areata.
Atropic dermatitis (Vicharchika)
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic condition where the skin is dry, itchy, sometimes reddish, and irritable for a long period of time. The condition can keep flaring up and trigger in the skin. The rash can sometimes inflame and then ooze clear fluid. If the skin is severely dry and cracked, it may also bleed. Vicharchika is a condition that comes under various Kushta Rogas (skin diseases). The predominant dosha involved in this condition is Kapha. Ayurveda assures a complete cure in treating Atopic dermatitis.
Psoriasis in Ayurveda is a well-known disease as "Kithibha” is an autoimmune ailment that causes plaques, which are itchy or sore patches of thick, red, dry skin. Psoriasis affects any part of the body. Psoriasis results from unbalanced vata and kapha doshas.
Skin gets its color from a substance called melanin, which is made by skin cells. When those skin cells are damaged
or unhealthy, they can produce too much melanin. The melanin can clump, causing that area to appear darker. Vyanga is one of the Kshudraroga, characterized by the presence of Niruja (painless) and Shavavarna Mandalas (bluish-black patches) on the face. It is one of the most common diseases as regards the face is concerned. On the basis of clinical features, it can be compared with facial melanosis, one of the hyperpigmented disorders. Drugs with Rakta Prasadaka, Twak Prasadaka, and Varnyakara properties are helpful in the management of Vyanga, which pacifies aggregated Doshas and helps in Raktashodhana (blood purification).